Cyprus is an island located in the northeastern part of the Eastern Mediterranean and is the third largest Mediterranean island after Sicily and Sardinia. It has a maximum length of 225 km and 94 kilometers width. The total length of its coastline is 782 kilometers.
The closest country to Cyprus is Turkey (Asia Minor). Greece, to the northwest, is the closest to Cyprus European country. Geographically, Cyprus is dominant in the eastern Mediterranean which impacted heavily on the course of history and culture in general.
The Cyprus landscape displays a great variety of styles. The coast has large open bays and precipitous cliffs and rocks. There are sandy beaches and shingle beaches. The precipitous mountains are mainly tree-covered to their peaks. The rest of the island is fertile hilly country.
The island provides a perfect climate for summer holidays. It is estimated that there are 300 sunny days each year! The temperature varies with the elevation, but January averages are about 10 deg C and those of July about 35 deg C. Rainfall which occurs mainly in winter, is rarely more than 380mm in the lowlands, but is higher in the mountains. Surface drainage is by short, small streams that are usually dry in the summer. The native vegetation is adapted to the climate and consists mainly of drought-resisting scrub and conifers (including eucalyptus, pine, acacia, and cypress).
The Cyprus geography also includes its natural resources. These are asbestos, copper, gypsum, marble, timber, pyrites etc. 40% of the land in Cyprus is cultivable. Meadows and pastures amount to 10% and irrigated land in Cyprus is 350 square kilometers. The island is subjected to a modern amount of earthquakes and there are no catchment areas.